According to the Supplementary Appeal for the South Sudan Situation, launched by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees UNHCR, over three million people are estimated to benefit from the agencys interventions by 31 December 2017.
The revised requirements now amount to USD 781.8 million (2.7 trillion Shillings), some USD 297.9 million (1,053 trillion Shillings) higher than the earlier budget of USD 483.9 million (1.7 trillion Shillings).
According to the Supplementary Appeal for the South Sudan Situation, launched by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), over three million people are estimated to benefit from the agency's interventions by 31 December 2017.
These numbers do not include local populations in host communities who - themselves suffering from food insecurity and limited access to basic social services and infrastructure - would also benefit from humanitarian interventions under the agency's inclusive support strategy.
Of this, an allocation of USD 283.8 million (1.1 trillion Shillings) is proposed for activities in Uganda, where majority of the South Sudan refugees are hosted. Uganda is hosting over 900,000 south Sudan Nationals.
Others are Ethiopia with an allocation of USD 157.7 million (557 billion Shillings) Kenya with USD 40.5 million (143 billion Shillings), Democratic Republic of the Congo with USD 30.3 million (107 billion Shillings and Central African Republic with a proposed allocation of USD 9.8 million (34 billion Shillings).
UNHCR interventions will focus on increasing the integration of refugee response programmes with comprehensive national and regional protection and development frameworks, enhancing productive and coping mechanisms of refugee and host communities, and strengthening resilience through partnerships and innovative approaches.
These include cash-based interventions and other self-reliance initiatives implemented in close cooperation with governments, humanitarian and development actors, civil society and the private sector.
The "planned assisted population" by the end of 2017 is about 3,026,300 people 70 per cent higher than the 1,770,688 "population of concern" identified by UNHCR as of 31 October last year. The "population of concern" included more than 1.2 million South Sudanese refugees in the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.
Of the nearly 1.8 million internally displaced within South Sudan (as of November 2016), UNHCR interventions focused on protection and assistance of approximately 240,000 most vulnerable internally displaced persons (as of end-October 2016). During 2017, UNHCR estimates to assist up to 830,000 displaced assessed as the most vulnerable among the total population displaced.
In terms of overall figures, some 6.1 million South Sudanese are estimated to be in need of urgent humanitarian assistance.
In addition disease, protracted instability, escalation of violence and wide-spread destruction have triggered unprecedented levels of food insecurity. More than 4.8 million people - half the population - are severely food insecure due to simply being unable to bring in the harvest. The economic situation, too, continues to worsen with hyper-inflation at record levels of more than 800 per cent.
On top of these challenges, lack of in-country infrastructure such as roads or viable airfields, as well as the long rainy season of up to eight months per year have rendered South Sudan one of the most logistically challenging countries in the world in which to operate, and thus in which to bring assistance to those in need.