Paris Agreement to Enter into Force as EU Agrees Ratification Top story

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In short
The Paris Climate Change Agreement signed at the end of last year in France, aims to limit greenhouse gas emissions and keep global temperature increases below 2 degrees Celsius.

The European Parliament has approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement by the European Union, Tuesday.

The Paris Climate Change Agreement signed at the end of last year in France, aims to limit greenhouse gas emissions and keep global temperature increases below 2 degrees Celsius.

The Paris agreement asks both rich and poor countries to take action to curb the rise in global temperatures that is melting glaciers, raising sea levels and shifting rainfall patterns.
It requires governments to present national plans to reduce emissions to limit global temperature rise.

The European Parliament approval of the Paris Agreement cleared the last hurdle concluding the political process for the European Union to ratify the Agreement.

The European Union ratification comes two days after India- viewed as one of the major greenhouse gas emitters also ratified it on Sunday. It was signed in the presence of European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, the United Nation's Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and the President of COP 21 Ségolène Roya.

The signing by EU has been welcomed by Climate Change and Environment groups saying it now paves for the agreement to come into force globally.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker in a statement Said: "Today the European Union turned climate ambition into climate action. The Paris Agreement is the first of its kind and it would not have been possible were it not for the European Union.  Today we continued to show leadership and prove that, together, the European Union can deliver."

The Vice-President for Energy Union Maroš Šefčovič said: "The European parliament has heard the voice of its people. The European Union is already implementing its own commitments to the Paris Agreement but today's swift ratification triggers its implementation in the rest of the world."

Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy Miguel Arias Cañete said: "Our collective task is to turn our commitments into action on the ground. And here Europe is ahead of the curve. We have the policies and tools to meet our targets, steer the global clean energy transition and modernize our economy. The world is moving and Europe is in a driver's seat, confident and proud of leading the work to tackle climate change".
 
So far, 62 parties including Uganda, accounting for almost 52 percent of global emissions have ratified the Paris Agreement.
 
The Agreement will enter into force 30 days after at least 55 parties, representing at least 55 percent of global emissions have ratified.
 
The EU ratification and deposit will cross the 55 percent emission threshold and therefore trigger the entry into force of the Paris Agreement.
 
The EU, which played a decisive role in building the coalition of ambition making the adoption of the Paris Agreement possible last December, is a global leader on climate action.
 
The European Commission has already brought forward the legislative proposals to deliver on the EU's commitment to reduce emissions in the European Union by at least 40 percent by 2030.