Uganda 13th Most Terror-Threatened Country-Report

3437 Views Kampala, Uganda

In short
The report by the Institute of Economic and Peace identifies Uganda as one of the countries with a weak state capacity, high level of social injustice, political instability, extra judicial killings and a heavily corrupt system likely to create an environment for terrorism to thrive. Uganda scored 52% on the terror threat scorecard, only beaten to the top by Angola which scored 95%.

Uganda is listed among the world's 13 countries most threatened by terrorism, the global terrorism index report released this morning indicates.

The ranking grounded on political, social and violence indicators positioned Uganda alongside Angola, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Iran, Israel, Mali, Mexico, Myanmar and Sri Lanka as the most at risk countries.

The report by the Institute of Economic and Peace identifies Uganda as one of the countries with a weak state capacity, high level of social injustice, political instability, extra judicial killings and a heavily corrupt system likely to create an environment for terrorism to thrive.

Uganda scored 52% on the terror threat scorecard, only beaten to the top by Angola which scored 95%. The report says 82% of all the world's terror is practiced in just five countries; Nigeria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Syria.

The institute analyzed over 5,000 terror incidents dating from as far back as 1970 looking at the various causes and emerged with the finding that the Ugandan state has most of the factors in common with countries that were struck by terrorists.

Recurring factors were pointed out as social hostilities between different ethnic or religious groups, increased measures of state repression such as extrajudicial killings, gross human rights abuses and political terror and other forms of violence such as violent crime, organized conflicts and violent demonstrations.

The report comes at a time when the Uganda Police and its intelligence arm are constantly issuing terror alerts warning of a potential terror strike on the Country. It as such, shows that Uganda is at a risk of substantial increased terrorist activity in the coming year.

Uganda's current biggest terror threat is posed by Somalia- based terror outfit Al-Shabab.

In the past year alone, Al-Shabab carried out 630 attacks, 43 of those were by use of suicide vests. Next to the Al-shabab threat from Uganda is the Lord's Resistance Army which is ranked as the world's sixth deadliest terror group based on the number of attacks carried out and people affected.

Police spokesperson Fred Enanga said they will take the report and its recommendations serious as a force. He says the force will read the report and give a full detailed comment when appropriate.

The institute of Economics and Peace produces the most reputable research on peace indices and terror indices. In the recent years, their research has been used by governments around the world to influence policy change. It remains to be seen if the report will cause a shift in Uganda's approach to terrorism.

In the report, it is opined that the world's biggest terror organizations respond more to political dialogue and not military force. Using data sourced from their research, it is opined that terror groups reduced their attacks 42% more in areas where political dialogue was pursued and only 7% in areas where military force was used.    
 
Currently, Uganda is using military force to fight against the Al-Shabab and the Lord's Resistance Army, the two terror groups identified by the institute as the 6 deadliest terror organizations in the world.

The GTI uses four indicators to measure the impact of terrorism: the number of terrorist incidents, the number of deaths, and the number of casualties and the level of property damage. These indicators are used to create a weighted five year average for each country, which takes into account the lasting effects of terrorism.

Key Facts:
·      
17,958 people were killed in terrorist attacks last year, that's 61% more than the previous year.

82% of all deaths from terrorist attack occur in just 5 countries: Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria and Syria.

Last year terrorism was dominated by four groups: the Taliban, Boko Haram, ISIL, and al Qa'ida.

More than 90% of all terrorist attacks occur in countries that have gross human rights violations.

40 times more people are killed by homicides than terrorist attacks.

 

About the author

Raymond Mujuni
Raymond Mujuni is a URN journalist based in Kampala. Mujuni has been a URN staff member since 2013.

Presently a Law student at Makerere University, Kampala, Mujuni started out as a freelancer for URN in 2012.

Mujuni is an investigative journalist, especially interested in Security, Science and Technology. An avid sports fan, Mujuni volunteers with the charity organisation 40 Days/40 Smiles.